|TERM||The 171th term|
This Week's Article
Meet the first Refugee Olympic Team
Ms. Seo-yeon Woo
At the opening ceremony of the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio, 10 elite athletes will walk out in front of a global audience of over a billion representing the first-ever refugee Olympic team. Having survived bombings, walked barefoot through entire countries and swum for hours, they didn’t just survive – they also trained and qualified for the Olympic Games.
“We are ambassadors for the other refugees. We cannot forget this chance that you gave us,” Olympian Yiech Pur Biel, a refugee from South Sudan told the IOC members. “We are not bad people. It’s only a name to be a refugee.”
Syrian refugee Yusra Mardini, a swimmer, thanked the IOC for giving the refugee athletes the opportunity to show that refugees can contribute to society.
“We still are humans. We are not only refugees. We are like everyone in the world. We can do something. We can achieve something,” she said. “We didn’t choose to leave our homelands. We didn’t choose the name of refugees… We promise again that we are going to do what it takes to inspire everyone.”
UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, estimates that more than 65 million people have been forced from their homes by war, famine and other man-made and natural disasters. They include 21 million refugees who have fled to other countries.
“We wanted to send a signal of hope to all refugees in the world,” the IOC President said. “These great athletes will show everyone that, despite the unimaginable tragedies that they have faced, anyone can contribute to society through their talent, and most important, through the strength of the human spirit.”
At the height of the European refugee crisis last summer, the IOC created a USD 2 million Refugee Emergency Fund to help National Olympic Committees (NOCs) support and integrate refugees. At least 17 NOCs, mostly in Europe, have participated in the programme.
The participation of refugee athletes in the Olympic Games Rio 2016 is the culmination of a process that began in October 2015 when President Bach announced in a speech to the UN General Assembly that refugees would be allowed to compete under the Olympic flag. That set in motion a collaborative process involving the IOC, National Olympic Committees, International Federations and UNHCR to identify athletes with refugee status and sufficient talent to compete at an Olympic level.
The 10 refugee Olympians were selected from 43 potential candidates narrowed down from nearly 1,000 possible Olympic competitors.
“These refugees have no home, they have no team, they have no national anthem,” President Bach said. “We are offering them a home in the Olympic Village together with all the other athletes of the world. The Olympic anthem will be played in their honour, and the Olympic flag will lead them into the Olympic Stadium.”
The IOC is using its Giving is Winning campaign, a philanthropic initiative that has become a regular part of the Games, to raise awareness of refugee issues among more fortunate athletes. At the dedicated booth in the IOC Space at the Olympic Village, athletes can learn more about the reality of refugees through short films featuring young refugees. The films highlight three values that are important to athletes as well as refugees: hope, courage and perseverance.
The Refugee Olympic Team is one of the Rio Olympics' biggest feel-good stories, but that shouldn't cloud the deeper reasons why the athletes are there.
● inspire [ɪn|spaɪə(r)] : If someone or something inspires you to do something new or unusual, they make you want to do it.
● culmination [|kʌlmɪ|neɪʃn] : Something, especially something important, that is the culmination of an activity, process, or series of events happens at the end of it.
● philanthropic [fìlənθrɑ́pik(əl)] : A philanthropic person or organization freely gives money or other help to people who need it.
1. Do you have any method to prevent problems from Pokemon Go?
2. Is there any content to which AR technology is adopted in Korea? Why do you think so ?
Youth employment policy gets nowhere
27th July, 2016
Edited by Ms. Ye-lim Lee
The data from the national statics office showed employees in their 20s were outnumbered by those in their 60s and older during the second quarter of this year. Critics say a string of measures taken by the government has just increased temporary jobs, falling short of adding decent jobs young jobseekers want. “The job mismatch problem cannot be resolved by adhering to short-term measures distanced from the need of youths,” said Kim Won-shik, an economics professor at Konkuk University in Seoul. Last year alone, 14 government agencies implemented 57 job programs for young people, which cost more than 2 trillion won. But many of them failed to bring the expected results. For example, the government pushed for a program aimed at creating 6,000 jobs by providing subsidies for companies that increase youth employment but only 157 people landed jobs through it. Furthermore, young people hired through state-funded programs tend to receive less wages and have less secure employment status. According to an analysis by the National Assembly Budget Office, more than 40 percent of workers who have found jobs with the help of the government are paid less than 1.5 million won in monthly wages, far higher than the corresponding figure for employees that have landed jobs on their own at 24.3 percent. Over 42 percent of workers hired through state-sponsored programs work on an irregular and temporary basis, compared to 30 percent for other employees. These worse conditions lead young people employed through government programs to be less committed to their job. A survey by the Ministry of Employment and Labor showed nearly half of 69,975 youths who took part in job programs in 2013 remained jobless last year. Of the young people employed as interns at small and medium-sized companies in 2013, only 38.5 percent worked for more than a year after changing to a regular status, though the government offered allowances to encourage youths to remain at their workplace. The allowance program was abolished this year. In a recent survey of 1,000 people aged 19-29, more than 65 percent said what is most urgently needed to support youths is to create more decent jobs. The preference for stable and secure work is reflected in a report released by the national statistics office last week, which showed four in 10 young jobseekers were preparing for exams to recruit civil servants. Amid growing economic uncertainties, however, it is becoming difficult for the government to prod large private businesses and public corporations to employ more workers. Moreover, the number of jobs preferred by young jobseekers is set to be reduced in the process of the planned corporate restructuring and due to the extension of retirement age that took effect this year. Experts say measures need to be strengthened to improve working conditions at small and medium-sized enterprises that hire nearly 90 percent of all waged laborers in the country. “The youth joblessness could hardly be eased without inducing more young people to work at SMEs,” said Kim Woo-chul, a professor of taxation at the University of Seoul.
● subsidy [|sʌbsədi] : A subsidy is money that is paid by a government or other authority in order to help an industry or business, or to pay for a public service.
● abolish [ə|bɑ:lɪʃ] : If someone in authority abolishes a system or practice, they formally put an end to it.
● spur [sp3:(r)] : If one thing spurs you to do another, it encourages you to do it.
● prod [prɑ:d] : If you prod someone or something, you give them a quick push with your finger or with a pointed object.
1. Since unemployment has always been a problem, have you thought about the solutions yourself?
2. What should be done to ease the unemployment problem?
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